Kidney Failure / Renal Failure / Chronic renal failure / chronic kidney disease (CRF/CKD)
The main function of the kidneys is to remove waste products and excess fluid from the body. These waste products and excess fluid are removed through the urine. Kidneys are also involved in regulating blood pressure, balancing the electrolyte levels, red blood cell production in the body and also filter the blood.
Each kidney contains millions of functioning units called nephrons, each of which is a microscopic filter for blood.
The kidney disease is also known as chronic kidney disease or chronic renal disease; it is characterized by a gradual loss of function in both kidneys over a period of months and years. Initially there may be no symptom can occur but after a time period there may be several worsening kidney function are occur.
Generally most kidney/renal diseases attack the nephrons, causing them to lose their filtering capacity. Most kidney diseases destroy the nephrons slowly and silently.
Renal failure Causes:
There are numerous causes of kidney failure, in most cases; kidney failure is caused by other health problems that have done permanent damage to the kidneys little by little, over time.
Poorly controlled Diabetes and High blood pressure are the two most common causes of kidney disease.
Other problems that can cause kidney failure include:
- Nephrotic syndrome
- Urinary tract problems
- People with a family history of any kind of kidney problem are also at risk for kidney disease.
- Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and IgA nephropathy
- Genetic diseases (diseases you are born with), such as polycystic kidney disease
- Kidney stones
- Prostate disease
- Drugs and toxins: Using large numbers of pain killers or antibiotic for a long time may be harmful to the kidneys. Certain other medications, toxins, alcohol and drug addiction can also cause kidney damage.
Sometimes the kidneys can stop working very suddenly (within two days). This type of kidney failure is called acute kidney injury or acute renal failure. Common causes of acute renal failure include:
- Illegal drug use and drug abuse
- Urinary tract problems
- Heart attack
- Not enough blood flowing to the kidneys
This type of kidney failure is not always permanent. Your kidneys may go back to normal or almost normal with treatment and if you do not have other serious health problems.
Having one of the health problems that can lead to kidney failure does not mean that you will definitely have kidney failure. Living a routine healthy lifestyle and working with expert Ayurveda doctor to control these health problems can help your kidneys work for as long as possible.
Renal failure symptoms:
Initially kidney failure may not cause any symptom or it may remain asymptomatic. This problem gets worse slowly, and symptoms may not appear until the kidneys are badly damaged.
These symptoms may occur if kidneys are beginning to fail:
- Generalized swelling (edema) over feet and ankles
- Shortness of breath
- Frequent cramping in the muscles
- Fever (sometimes it can be constant and high grade)
- Abnormal urine output
- Persistent itching
- Chest pain
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Loss of appetite (Not feeling hungry)
- Congestive heart failure
- High blood potassium (hyperkalemia)
- Disturbed sleep
- Back pain
- Generalized weakness due to anemia or low hemoglobin
- Mental confusion
- Abnormal heart rhythms - related to potassium imbalance
- High blood pressure
- A bad taste in the mouth
- Feeling cold
Diagnosis of kidney failure
Final diagnosis of kidney failure and the degree of its damage and prognosis are decided on the basis of its clinical findings, sign, symptoms and through lab investigations.
The tests are as follows:
- Urine tests
In urine test measure the amount of protein, detect the presence of abnormal cells, or measure the concentration of electrolytes.
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) Test
Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) Test: that measure the buildup of waste products in the blood.
- Imaging Tests
Treatment of Kidney disease in Allopath:
There are mainly three types of treatment for treating kidney failure, including :
2. Peritoneal dialysis and
3. Kidney transplant
People on dialysis have increased risk of heart attack:
New research findings published in the Journal of Leukocyte Biology show that uremic toxins, which are not removed by hemodialysis, increase heart attack risk.
For more details click on this link: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2013-05/foas-msw053013.php
Ayurveda view on kidney failure:
As per Ayurveda the Kidneys are the part of Mootravah Srotas (Urinary system i.e. kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra). The kidneys are made of the "Rakta" (Blood) and "Meda" (fats or Adipose tissue) dhatus; among the seven Dhatus which are explained in Ayurveda. Treating these two dhatus is also an effective way to treat the kidneys.
In Ayurveda Urine is known as “Mootra” which is explained as Mala (excretory product) of the body. So all most all kidney related disorders occurs due to the disbalance or vitiation of the three Doshas (i.e. - Vata, Pitta and Kapha) there is obstruction or blockage is occurring in Mootravah Srotas, which may land with damage to kidney, ureter etc.
The damage to the tissues is contributed by the disbalance in the three doshas. Mainly the Vitiated Vata dosha and the Kapha dosha are responsible for the blockage of various channels of the Mootra vaha srotasa and leading to impaired functioning of the kidneys.
Treatment in Ayurveda:
In the renal failure condition if the patient comes in start (when disease is diagnosed and patient come to take Ayurveda treatment without doing dialysis) then the Ayurveda treatment results are very effective, the urea, creatinine level can decrease more comfortably then if patient comes after undergoing dialysis. The patients those who are dependent on dialysis can also have good scope. In Ayurveda the dialysis duration can increase effectively, and in the starting condition of dialysis some time the dialysis can be stop through Ayurveda treatment. (Note: Results may vary patient to patient or depends upon the severity of the disease)
Ayurveda have miraculous blend of natural medicinal herbs which rejuvenate the kidney tissues and also boost the effective production of urine output. We can also adopt Ayurveda Panchakarma treatment (Purification method) in renal patients, this procedure easily detox the body and opens the blockage. By the Panchakarma treatment the toxins expels out from the body and improve the renal function. The Ayurvedic medicinal therapy is very effective in controlling the levels of urea and creatinine in patients of kidney disease and in improving kidney function in general.
Diet and Lifestyle changes in Kidney failure:
In kidney failure, must monitor the amounts of fluid and certain nutrients patient take in each day. Also monitor the patient urine output.
In Kidney failure the diet should be proper and should be depends upon the treatment plan, most peoples who suffers from renal failure need to be limit :
Too much fluid intake can cause swelling, high blood pressure, heart problem and trouble breathing. Patient should also need to cut back on some foods that contain a lot of water. Soups and foods that melt, such as ice or ice cream have a lot of water in them. Many fruits and vegetables are also high in water content.
In renal failure the kidneys cannot easily remove potassium from the blood, so don’t take foods high in potassium, it may need to be consumed in limited quantities.
Potassium rich foods: Beans, bananas, yogurt or curd, cantaloupe or muskmelon, potatoes, sweet potatoes, spinach, apricots, fish, mushroom, Kiwi fruit, pomegranates, grapes, orange, litchi, mango, guava etc.
Phosphorus is a mineral found in many foods. It is associated with calcium and vitamin D metabolism to keep bones healthy. During renal failure phosphorus can build in patient’s blood. Too much phosphorus is called hyperphosphatemia. It can lead to bone disease, which cause weak bones / osteoporosis that break easily or fractures.
Phosphorus rich food: Eggs, meat, fish, milk, cheese, lentils, beans, chocolates, carbonated drinks etc.
Sodium helps to keep the right amount of fluid in blood. When kidneys are not working, sodium can build up in the blood. When this happens, the body holds on to too much water. This can make blood pressure too high.
Use these tips to limit sodium in your diet:
Do not add salt in food when cooking or at the table, try to use rock salt (Saindha namak) in very less quantity.
Avoid sea food, tomato, eggplant, spices, pickles, beverage like black tea, coffee, tea, beer, wine etc.
Apart from above dietary instruction renal patient should not use alcohol, tobacco, oily, spicy, packaged and frozen foods, junk-food, and heavy food like: Beans, chick peas etc.
- Should do:
- Regular exercise according to capacity
- Maintaining a positive attitude in every situation
- Use vegetables and fruits like: Pumpkin, luffa / Ridge gourd, gourd, cucumber, papaya, watermelon, Amla, cow milk etc.
Brahm Ayurved adopts a systematic approach in treatment of renal failure. We recommend Ayurveda Medicines, Panchkarma treatment and Diet management. You can avoid expensive and painful dialysis procedure with this cost effective treatment.
By adopting our Ayurveda treatment renal failure patient can get these benefits:
- Reduces swelling and suffering
- Helps control Sr. Creatinine and Urea
- Improves Quality of Life
- Saves from complications
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